CSMA CD in Ethernet
For a jamming signals if the voltage is between +15v to -15v then it will also contain the range between -5v to +5v, if the jamming signal lie in between that how will it be differentiated from the data packets?
This was just an example. The jamming signal can also be different on the basis of frequency.
However, +15 to -15 is not a range. It is +ve and -ve voltage of the signal.
A doubt regd Jamming Signal:
If there is a collision in the middle of the channel (say exactly at the midpoint) who will create the Jamming signal. I mean at the mid point there is no node to generate the jamming signal.
Jamming signal is usually generated by a node to notify all the other nodes in the LAN that there a collision. If there is a collision takes place just before the receiver then the receiver generates the jamming signal to notify the sender that there is a collision.
In your video illustration you told that the collision happens at the middle then who will generate the jamming signal at the middle. There some node to generate the Jamming signal . Isn't it?
If adapter detects another transmission while trnsmitting. It aborts and send Jamming signal.(Jamming signal is nothing but have different frequency than data)
I don't think your assumption is correct Shraddhagami. Jamming Signal is to be generated by some node. If not how can it automatically be created.
But your assumption of Jamming Signal has different frequency is correct . It is to avoid the collision with data signal.